Science in Early Years and Key Stage 1
In KS1 the children are expected to ask questions and understand that these could be answered in different ways, observe and draw some conclusions, as well as be able to use simple equipment for experimentation. There is a heavy weight on life processes and the identification and classification of living and non-living things, which feeds into gaining skills in observation and questioning.
Science in Years 3 and 4.
In lower KS2 children’s questioning should be developed further and include a clear understanding of the importance of asking relevant questions and engaging in scientific enquiry that could help them find an answer. They should look closely at scientific evidence and focus on the importance of practical sessions within their enquiry. At this level they should be able to draw simple conclusions from results gathered, record findings using diagrams, charts and graphs, and then explain their findings through oral and written feedback. Building on their skills from KS1, children should also be using scientific vocabulary.
Science in Years 5 and 6.
In Upper KS2 the focus is clearly on scientific enquiry, including the ability to plan their own investigations to find out the answer to questions they themselves have asked. Children should be able to make predictions and set up further testing in order to prove or disprove their hypothesis, and record accurately any data they gain. Building on Lower KS2 children should be confident in using scientific vocabulary, and be able to discuss clearly relationships between data, results and processes.